Iniziamo con i lavori di Ulderico Daniele, focalizzati sulla situazione romana, toccando anche il tema della rappresentanza che verrà discusso nel panel dedicato a Roma, intitolato: Leadership, partecipazione e rappresentanza nell’implementazione delle politiche abitative. In primis, è da segnalare il volume “Questo campo fa schifo!” pubblicato da Meti Edizioni, che racconta l’esperienza etnografica dell’adolescenza in un campo romano. Altri lavori sul tema, in breve qui sotto:
A failed Roma revolution: Conflict, fragmentation and status quo maintenance in Rome
Ethnicities December 2014 14: 775–792
This article examines novel spaces for Roma political participation and visibility that opened up under a right-wing municipal government in Rome between 2008 and 2013. Three main channels were created through which Roma could engage with policy-makers and, in theory, make their voices heard: a newly-appointed ‘Mayor’s Delegate for Roma Issues’; a forum for debate among the city’s Roma groups; and elected representatives in two official camps. Based primarily on in-depth interviews with protagonists of this key period of Roma mobilisation, we evaluate the successes achieved and obstacles faced within each of the three new political channels. In particular, we highlight the differentiations and conflicts which took shape among Roma actors, concluding that, following an initial period of enthusiasm and cohesion, processes of demarcation from the most visible leaders resulted in most participants withdrawing from the public sphere and achieving few of their initial goals. While the analysis demonstrates the heterogeneity and fragmentation of Roma groups and interests in this process, it also underlines the constraints created by the external political opportunity structure which ultimately worked to co-opt Roma activists in order to maintain the status quo.
‘Nomads’ in the Eternal City Local policies and Roma participation in the ‘emergency’ era
Géocarrefour 2011/1 (Vol. 86) pp. 15-23
In this article I analyse the emergence of Roma leaders in Rome, a novelty which has accompanied the implementation of the Nomads Plan by Alemanno’s administration, within the context of the declaration of a national emergency concerning “nomad community settlements” in 2008.
Following the scientific literature on migrants’ participation, I start from an analysis of the policy documents presented by the new Mayor; then I focus on the eviction of one of the oldest and biggest nomad camps in Rome, Casilino 900. This case-study allows us to detect the concrete consequences of the Plan and how a Roma leadership gains visibility and is acknowledged by the Municipality.
Finally, it will be possible to recognize the persistence of “campi sosta” as the template of Roma policies in Rome, a relevant element of continuity between Alemanno’s city govern ment and his predecessors of the left wing, a template that the new Roma leaders accept.
Roma and humanitarianism in the Eternal City
with Isabella Clough Marinaro
This article examines the recent evolution of Rome’s city administration’s policies for Roma after the Italian government’s declaration of a ‘nomad emergency’. We analyze the policies as they are formulated by the city government and examine ambiguities in their application and their effects in various Roma communities. We focus on two elements, which, we argue, introduce a new political paradigm not only for the capital but for the management of Roma issues in the country generally. By using a human rights discourse and involving new social actors such as the Italian Red Cross, Rome’s mayor, Gianni Alemanno, is redefining the Roma issue as a humanitarian problem. This process supports a new form of political representation from within Roma communities. But in contrast to the discourses of both Alemanno and the Roma leadership, we argue that these new developments in practice result in the erosion of Roma citizenship, legitimizing instead experimental forms of segregation within Italian society.